“From Holocaust to Revival Museum”
in Kibbutz yad Mordechai
The Museum presents the history of the Jewish people in the first half of the twenties century. A visit to the Museum, begins with a photograph of Jewish fighters from 1948 who liberated Kibbutz Yad-Mordechai from Egyptian forces in the War of Independence. After viewing the photograph and the rifles and guns which were used by the Israeli defenders, and on the opposite wall the much heavier bombs used by the Egyptian attackers - one descends to the basement which presents the Jewish culture of Eastern Europe to which the fighters belonged.
The descent by stairs takes us back in time to a Jewish world which was, and is no more, a world rich in spirit and material which existed in exile for 2000 years. In the dark, gloomy basement, we see seven columns of the Jewish life in exile.
From a wall decorated with photographs of children, we ascend stairs which lead us to a chronological exhibition of events important to the Jewish people: A contrast of Germany at the end of the 19th century to Germany in the 1930’s – 40’s of the 20th century – The outbreak of World War 2 in Europe and the Jewish Ghettoes - The Genocide of the Jewish people as stated in the “Final Solution” – The Uprising in the Warsaw Ghetto and Partisan Activities against the Nazis.
A reconstruction of the Warsaw Ghetto Bunker at 18 Mila Street is located at the center of the museum. This is where Mordechai Anilevitz and other fighters were killed.
The second part of the Museum, The Revival
, begins with the story of the immigration of thousands of Holocaust survivors to Palestine
of the British Mandate. The struggle against the British occupiers during the years 1945-1948, is shown in the photographs of ships of “Illegal Immigrants” and the establishment of 11 new settlements in the Negev
on Yom Kippur night 1946. The year 1947 is characterized by the struggle and guarding of water pipelines in the Negev
An additional ascent of stairs, brings us to the highest part of the museum which deals with the War of
Independence 1948 at some of the settlements in the southern part of the country, which tried to withstand the attack of the Egyptian army. Models of a few of these settlements show the size and directions of the attacks.
Near the map of the advance of the Egyptian army towards Ashdod, we descend, pass an enlarged photograph of Mordechai Anilevitz, and come to photographs of the first five years of Kibbutz Yad-Mordechai – 1943-1948. Opposite the photographs is a model of the Kibbutz at that time overshadowed by an Egyptian cannon which would destroy the small Kibbutz during the six days of battle at Yad- Mordechai.